Wednesday, 3 December 2008

Wednesday, 26 November 2008

[url=http://img208.imageshack.us/my.php?image=colorbarkanjani2nannandoc6.jpg][img=http://img208.imageshack.us/img208/9880/colorbarkanjani2nannandoc6.th.jpg][/url]

Tuesday, 25 November 2008

bosannn

arini aku bosan..
tak tau nk buat apa...
boringggggggggg...
k lah aku nk balik umah dulu...
tak guna aku duduk kat sini lagi

Friday, 21 November 2008

hari yang bosan....

hari nie seharian aku duk cari info pasal TA aku... dah muak duduk dpn laptop nie...
muakkk glerr...

Tuesday, 18 November 2008

kisah anehku....


dua hari lepas adalah pengalaman aku paling buruk dalam tahun nie.... bila dipikir2 ia sungguh menakutkan jiwa dan ragaku....

pagi jam 1.30
aku terbangun, kamarku tiba2 gelap..
kerna sudah menjadi kebiasaan aku untuk tidak menutup lampu waktu tido..
aku cemas dan lalu pergi mencari lilin tuk menerangi ruang tidur, aku ambil lilin lalu menyalakannya dan terus meletakkan diatas kotak bekas broochesku yg cuantik...
tanpa segan2 aku meletakkannya diatas meja kayu mini.... lalu aku lena diulit mimpi...

jam 4.30

aku terkejut dari tidurku yg indah, terasa sesak dan penuh di dada... dibalik rasa yg tidak enak itu aku terdengar golekkan tayar beg travel dari luar kamar... aku biarkannya...
aku membuka mataku yg masih mengantuk pelan2... aku lihat kamarku kabur seperti ada asap yg masuk... dimukaku terasa seperti ada yg menempel.... aku gosok mukaku tuk menghilangkan rasa itu.... aku lihat kipas yg memutar di hadapan ku... tanpa curiga aku melihatnya walaupun waktu itu aku lihat warnanya sangat hitam.... 3minit kemudian... aku mulai berfikir dengan keadaan realitas kamarku... baru perasan kipas itu tidak seperti itu sebelum aku tidur...

aku masih terasa malas tuk bangun... tapi ku gagahkan juga.... aku lihat tangan dan lenganku... terlihat kotor sekali seperti baru terkena asap yg hitam legam.... aku rasa keanehan... lalu aku melihat kipasku... juga hitam... cadarku, selimutku, bantal kesayanganku semuanya ada habuk2 hitam... aku berfikir bahawa kipasku terbakar... aku tutup kipas yg masih berputar.... aku pergi ke depan cermin mukaku yang besar tergantung disudut ruang kamarku... aku lihat mukaku.... hitam... lubang hidungku.. astarfirullah... teramat hitam bagai corong2 pembakar di kilang2.... aku lihat seluruh tubuhku... semua kotor...

aku pergi mencari punca penyebab kejadian yg telah menimpa aku... dengan pantasnya aku teringat akan lilin yg kupasang tadi malam.... sekali lagi aku terkejut... bekas brooches aku hilang... yang tinggal disitu hanyalah seketul benda yang terbakar hangus.... dan mengatakan mengatakan dalam hatiku... Ya Allah.... syukur alhamdullilah... api yang terbakar itu tidak banyak... aku selamat.... wlaupun dalam hatiku terkuis rasa penyesalan yang teramat sangat atas perlakuanku semalam....

nak dijadikan cerita... macam mana badan aku dan seluruh bilik aku hitam semua.....
disebabkan aku meletakkan lilin itu berdekatan dengan kipas... setelah listrik kembali ada... dia telah memadamkan api yang membakar bekas brooch aku... lalu dengan senang hatinya... telah menebarkan abu2 bekas pembakaran tadi ke seluruh kamarku.... dan terjadilah semua perkara diatas...

MORAL OF THE STORY...

jangan membiarkan lilin anda yang menyala diletakkan diatas benda atu bekas yang mudah terbakar.... sekian...

Friday, 14 November 2008


waaaaaaaaaaaaaaaaa..... cantiknyer..... sungguh mendamaikan jiwa....

Friday, 7 November 2008

exam

ari nie baru abis exam tengah sem... susah jugak walaupun ada soalan past year kluar...
lepas exam still ada kerja nk kena buat... tugas akhir sedang menunggu.. tak tau nk mula dari mana sbb bahan yg aku kaji agak susah.. padan muka aku sape suruh pilih tajuk tue...

Practical Ways to Help a Family Facing Alzheimer's Disease


Photo © MicrosoftNovember is National Alzheimer's Disease Awareness Month, which is a great opportunity to learn more about the disease and advocate for more Alzheimer's research and services. But it's also a great time to think about the families you know who are facing Alzheimer's and offer them some practical help.

It may be hard to imagine, but sometimes caregiving can be so time consuming that there's little time (or energy) left for basic chores like cooking, cleaning, and yard work. Here are some ways to help a family near you. If you are that family, then here are some suggestions for how to respond when a neighbor says, "Anything I can do to help?"

  • Bring over a home-cooked meal, preferably one that can be frozen if there are leftovers.
  • If you're handy around the house, offer to fix a leaky pipe, install a grab bar in the bathroom, or even change a lightbulb, if the caregiver has a hard time completing these kinds of tasks.
  • Offer to spend some time with the person who has Alzheimer's so the caregiver(s) can take a little break.
  • If you're handy outdoors, offer to rake leaves, put up holiday decorations and lights, or anything else that's needed around the yard.
  • Run errands for the family.
  • Give the house a deep cleaning -- or even a minor cleaning, if that's what's needed and desired.

Of course, it's always good to start by asking the family what they really need. Oftentimes, though, caregivers are so overwhelmed that it's hard for them to think of anything concrete. If they have trouble coming up with ideas, offer the ones above.

When you're providing help, it's also a chance to interact more with the person who has Alzheimer's disease. People with Alzheimer's have much to teach us, which means that your generosity will be a gift to yourself as well.


vascular dementia

Vascular dementia results from impaired blood flow to the brain. After Alzheimer's disease, it's one of the second most common types of dementia, along with Lewy body dementia. It was formerly called multi-infarct dementia because it was thought to only be caused by small strokes. However, the name was changed to vascular dementia to reflect the array of conditions that can impair the blood's ability to circulate to the brain. Vascular dementia often occurs alongside Alzheimer's disease, resulting in mixed dementia. Between 1% to 4% of people over the age of 65 have vascular dementia, and the risk of developing it increases dramatically with age.

Causes of Vascular Dementia

Vascular dementia can occur either by a narrowing or a complete blockage of blood vessels in the brain, which deprives brain cells from nutrients and oxygen they need to function properly. Vascular dementia often results from several small strokes that occur over time. It can also occur after a single major stroke, which is sometimes referred to as post-stroke dementia. Not all strokes lead to dementia, but up to one-third of those who have a stroke will develop dementia within six months. Conditions like high blood pressure and diabetes that don't block blood vessels, but simply narrow them, can also lead to vascular dementia.

Risk Factors for Vascular Dementia

People who develop vascular dementia often have a history of one or more of the following: heart attack, stroke, high blood pressure, diabetes, or high cholesterol. In particular, if an individual has a history of multiple strokes, the risk of developing vascular dementia increases with the number of strokes experienced over time.

Symptoms of Vascular Dementia

People with vascular dementia often display multiple cognitive problems, including memory impairment and possibly aphasia, apraxia, agnosia, or problems with executive functioning.

In most cases, symptoms make it difficult to hold a job, carry out household responsibilities, or maintain social relationships. People with vascular dementia also experience neurological symptoms such as exaggerated reflexes, problems with walking and balance, and/or weakness in the limbs, hands, and feet. Depending on the individual and on the cause of the dementia, delusions, confusion, agitation, urinary problems, and/or depression can also accompany vascular dementia.

Interestingly, memory loss usually occurs later in the disease compared to when it appears in Alzheimer's. In vascular dementia, the first symptoms are often the neurological ones, such as problems with reflexes, walking, and muscle weakness. On the other hand, memory problems and behavioral symptoms are commonly the first issues noticed in Alzheimer's. Additionally, vascular dementia often progresses in a step-wise fashion. For example, the person will seem stable for a period of time, then suddenly get much worse, then continue to alternate between stable periods and sudden drops in functioning. On the other hand, Alzheimer's disease progresses in a more gradual, downward fashion.

Diagnosis of Vascular Dementia

As with Alzheimer's disease, a complete diagnostic workup should be performed in order to rule out other possible causes of the person's symptoms. Vascular dementia is usually identified through imaging procedures, which can reveal strokes and narrowed or blocked arteries. Neuropsychological tests might also be conducted to determine the nature and extent of cognitive impairment.

Treatment of Vascular Dementia

No drugs have been approved by the FDA specifically to treat vascular dementia, but medications approved to treat Alzheimer's sometimes help. Doctors often prescribe both a cholinesterase inhibitor (Aricept, Exelon, or Razadyne) and Namenda to treat vascular dementia.

Managing cardiovascular problems through medication and/or lifestyle changes may help slow the worsening of vascular dementia symptoms. It's critical to monitor blood pressure, pulse, cholesterol, blood sugar, and weight, all of which impact brain health and the ease of blood flow to the brain.

Behavior management strategies are also useful for handling the challenging behaviors that sometimes accompany vascular dementia.

Prognosis for Vascular Dementia

Currently, there is no cure for vascular dementia. If the dementia was caused by multiple strokes, the person may get worse in a step-wise progression, where stable periods are interrupted by sudden downward episodes. Life expectancy for someone with vascular dementia is highly individual and depends on the nature of the cardiovascular problems that are causing the dementia, along with the person's age and other medical conditions.

http://alzheimers.about.com/od/whatisalzheimer1/a/vascular.htm